World Health Organization

Legalisation of cannabis for medical, scientific and personal use

Cannabis is by far the most widely cultivated, trafficked and abused illicit drug. Its use for personal purposes was always very controversial and complex question all around the world. The legality varies between different countries and states. The possession of cannabis is mostly illegal, however, in recent years, more and more countries decide to decriminalize small amounts of it. On the other hand, there are still some countries, which penalise the possession by capital punishment.

The subject of medical cannabis is also debatable problem, that is why it is not permitted worldwide. There are various aspects concerning cannabis’ impact on human health. It is widely known that it has a positive influence on relieving certain types of pain, however lots of specialists claim that there are much better and more effective treatments of ache than medical cannabis.

Researchers ponder whether surging popularity cannabis will bring more problems such as depravity of society or, quite the opposite, will become a remedy to many terminal at present disorders. Recent experiments have shown that that medical marijuana may offer some relief for people with cancer-related pain, nerve pain or muscle spasms caused by multiple sclerosis, yet further investigation is required to support the discovery. Nevertheless, another study found that THC (the principal psychoactive constituent of cannabis) can increase random nerve-cell activity, so called “neural noise" in the brains of healthy people. Due to dissonant studies it is hard to establish whether marijuana is in fact beneficial or noxious for humans. A major obstacle for the research is the legal state of drug examination in some countries.

We truly hope that you, future delegates, will find deliberative solutions to this vital issue.

World Health Organisation Chairs
Marta Komosa and Patrycja Szymańska