During Wroclaw Model United Nations the court will face the dispute between Ukraine and Russia. The International Court of Justice is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations, whose role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to it by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.
On 17th January 2017, Ukraine summoned the Russian Federation for the violation of two International Conventions, of which both states are parties, for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism and the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination.
Ukraine claims that the Russian Federation has been escalating its’ incursion in Ukrainian affairs since 2014 by instigating and sustaining an armed insurrection in eastern Ukraine and violating human rights as a result of these actions. However, the Russian Federation appeals to the court to reject the request for the indication of provisional measures submitted by Ukraine.
Nevertheless, during the hearings on April 19th, 2017, the court concluded that the conditions required to undertake the measures have been met. Therefore, in order to protect the rights claimed by Ukraine, it is highly recommended that “ the Russian Federation must, in accordance with its obligations under the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, refrain from maintaining or imposing limitations on the ability of the Crimean Tatar community to conserve its representative institutions and ensure the availability of education in the Ukrainian language.”
Ania Bardowska & Paulina Sadkowska,
Chairs of the International Court of Justice