All across the globe members of the LGBTQ+ community continue to face endemic violence, legal discrimination, and other human rights violations on account of their sexual orientation or gender identity. The United Nations Human Rights Council remains deeply concerned that at least 76 countries, which are home to approximately 44% of the world’s population, continue to criminalize consensual same-sex activity, exposing millions of individuals to the risk of being punished, with arrest, prosecution and imprisonment being only a few of the examples.
In the Middle East, the death penalty is a legally prescribed punishment and homosexuality-related acts are considered offenses. States that impose the death penalty for same-sex conduct violate the right to life enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. As if homophobic and transphobic violence weren’t disturbing enough, law enforcement often fails to adequately investigate and prosecute hate crimes against LGBTQ+ citizens.
Noting that the aforementioned issues are still prevalent, the Human Rights Council at WrocMUN 2017 will be striving to come up with a solution that will combat them effectively. Well aware that despite countries having different cultures and traditions, and public attitudes varying enormously, placing emphasis on universality in international human rights law is necessary for ensuring cooperation between the Member States to protect the human rights of all human beings.
Łukasz Szuflicki & Bartosz Świąć,
Chairs of the Human Rights Council