Historical Security Council

The Falklands War (Spanish: Guerra de las Malvinas ), also known as the Falklands Conflict, Falklands Crisis, Malvinas War, South Atlantic Conflict, and the Guerra del Atlántico Sur.

In the early 80s, Argentina was going through an uncertain time. Argentina’s economy had beenstagnating and political instability was at an all-time high. Between March and December of 1981, the country had 5 different heads of state. The last of these was General Leopoldo Galtieri, who in an attempt to raise patriotism and turn the public eye away from the internal struggles decided to invade the Falkland Islands. The motivation behind this move was that, in the opinion of the general public, the Falklands were seen as Argentina’s rightful property, stolen from them by the British Empire in 1833. As the islands were very lightly guarded, Argentina was more than capable of taking control over the territory. Due to the massive distance between the Falklands and Britain paired with their small strategic importance, the Argentinian high command didn’t even expect the UK to respond with military action. On the 2nd of April 1982, an Argentinian task force invaded the islands from the west and achieved full control, soon after. An emergency sitting of the UN Security Council was called (The one we will be recreating), as a result of which Argentina was ordered to retreat and hand the Falklands over back into British hands. Argentina did not comply however and kept on fighting. This prompted the British government with Margaret Thatcher at the helm to send their own task force to the islands in order to take them back. After a costly naval and aerial campaign, Argentina finally surrendered to the British on the 14th of June and the islands became British once again.

 

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